Science and Work Plan

Organizational background

The IGCP 565 Project


Bernasconi, C. & 17 others, 2005. Climate Change and the European Water Dimension, European Commission, EUR 21553.

Beutler, G., Drewes, H., Plag, H.-P., Reigber, C., Rothacher, M., & Rummel, R., 2005. IAG GGOS Implementation Plan, Tech. rep., GeoForschungZentrum Potsdam, Germany.

Blewitt, G. & Clarke, P., 2003. Inversion of Earth's changing shape to weigh sea level in static equilibrium with surface mass redistribution, J. Geophys. Res., 107, DOI:10.1029/2002JB002290.

Blewitt, G., Lavallee, D., Clarke, P., & Nurutdinov, K., 2001. A new global mode of Earth deformation: Seasonal cycle detected, Science, 294, 2342-2345.

Clarke, P.J., Lavallee, D.A., Blewitt, G., van Dam, T., & Wahr, J.M., 2005. Effect of gravitational consistency and mass conservation on seasonal surface mass loading models, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, doi:10.1029/2005GL022441.

Crowley, J.W., Mitrovica, J.X., Bailey, R.C., Tamisiea, M.E., & Davis, J.L., 2006. Land water storage within the Congo Basin inferred from GRACE satellite gravity data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L19402, doi:10.1029/2006GL027070.

Davis, J.L., Elósegui, P., Mitrovica, J.X., & Tamisiea, M.E., 2004. Climate-driven deformation of the solid Earth from GRACE and GPS, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L24605, doi:10.1029/2004GL021435.

Drewes, H., 2006. The science rationale of the Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS), in Dynamic Planet - Monitoring and Understanding a Dynamic Planet with Geodetic and Oceanographic Tools, edited by P. Tregoning & C. Rizos, vol. 130 of International Association of Geodesy Symposia, pp. 703-710, Springer Verlag, Berlin.

EEA, 1999. Sustainable water use in Europe, Part 1: Sectoral use of water, European Environment Agency, available at:

GEO, 2005. Global Earth Observing System of Systems GEOSS – 10-Year Implementation Plan Reference Document, Tech. Rep. GEO 1000R/ESA SP 1284, ESA Publication Division, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands. Available at

Gross, R.S., Lavallee, D.A., Blewitt, G., & Clarke, P.J., 2007. Consistency of Earth rotation, gravity, and shape measurements, vol. 131 of International Association of Geodesy Symposia, Springer Verlag, Berlin, in press.

Herring, T.A., Altamimi, Z., Plag, H.-P., Poli, P., & Ray, J., 2008. The future geodetic reference frame, in The Global Geodetic Observing System: Meeting the Requirements of a Global Society on a Changing Planet in 2020, edited by H.-P. Plag & M. Pearlman, Global Geodetic Observing System, available at

Kusche, J. & Schrama, E.J.O., 2005. Surface mass redistribution inversion from global GPS deformation and Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE)} gravity data, J. Geophys. Res., 110, B09409, doi:10.1029/2004JB003556.

Lawford, R. & the Water Theme Team, 2004. A Global Water Cycle Theme for the IGOS Partnership, Tech. rep., IGOS Integrated Global Observing Strategy, Report of the Global Water Cycle Theme Team, April 2004, available at

Milly, P. C.D. & Shmakin, A.B., 2002. Global modeling of land water and energy balances. Part I: The Land Dynamics (LaD) model, J. Hydrometeorology, 3, 283-299.

Oki, T. & Kanae, S., 2006. Global hydrological cycles and world water resources, Science, 313, 1068-1072, DOI:10.1126/science.1128845.

Plag, H.-P., Blewitt, G., & Herring, T.A., 2007. Towards a consistent conventional treatment of surface-load induced deformations, Position Paper presented at the IERS Workshop on Conventions, September 20-21, 2007, Sevres, France. Available at or as local pdf.

Plag, H.-P., Altamimi, Z., Bettadpur, S., Beutler, G., Beyerle, G., Cazenave, A., Crossley, D., Donnellan, A., Forsberg, R., Gross, R., Hinderer, J., Komjathy, A., Mannucci, A.J., Ma, C., Noll, C., Nothnagel, A., Pavlis, E.C., Pearlman, M., Poli, P., Schreiber, U., Senior, K., Woodworth, P., & Zuffada, C., 2008. The goals, achievements, and tools of modern geodesy, in The Global Geodetic Observing System: Meeting the Requirements of a Global Society on a Changing Planet in 2020, edited by H.-P. Plag & M. Pearlman, Global Geodetic Observing System, available at

Rodell, M., Houser, P.R., Jambor, U., Gottschalck, J., Mitchell, K., Meng, C.-J., Arsenault, K., Cosgrove, B., Radakovich, J., Bosilovich, M., Entin, J.K., Walker, J.P., Lohmann, D., & Toll, D., 2004. The Global Land Data Assimilation System, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 85(3), 381-394.

Rowlands, D.D., Luthcke, S.B., Klosko, S.M., Lemoine, F.G., Chinn, D.S., McCarthy, J.J., Cox, C.M., & Andersen, O.B., 2005. Resolving mass flux at high spatial and temporal resolution using GRACE intersatellite measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L04310, doi.10.1029/2004GL021908.

Rummel, R., Rothacher, M., & Beutler, G., 2005. Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS): Science rationale, J. Geodynamics, 40, 357-362.

Tapley, B.D., Bettadpur, S., Ries, J.C., Thompson, P.F., & Watkins, M.M., 2004. GRACE measurements of mass variability in the Earth system, Science, 305, 503-505.

United Nations, 2006. Water - a shared responsibility. The United Nations Water Development Report 2, UNESCO, Paris, and Berghahn Books, New York.

Velicogna, I. & Wahr, J., 2006. Measurements of time-variable gravity show mass loss in Antarctica, Science, 311, 1754-1756.

Wu, X., Heflin, M.B., Ivins, E.R., & Fukumori, I., 2006. Seasonal and interannual global surface mass variations from multisatellite geodetic data, J. Geophys. Res., 111, B09401, doi:10.1029/2005JB004100.

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